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Page 15 of 936 Results 141 - 150 of 9356

Azamat Zakirov, Ilyas Yanbukhtin, Timur Mamarozikov, Ilkhom Alimukhamedov, Farangiz Omonova, Ulugbek Musaev, Otabek Aripjanov
ERT and magnetic surveying: The case study of Khayrabadtepa sattelment (Southern Uzbekistan)

The use of geophysical methods has become an integral part of the work at all stages of archaeological research. Geophysics contribute to the efficient and rapid detection of buried objects.
One of the effective methods for mapping archaeological sites is an areal magnetic survey that reveals anomalies associated with the residual magnetization of such objects. To study the deep structure of complex objects in conditions of variable relief, the method of electrical tomography (ERT) has been well recommended.
Geophysical work was carried out within the boundaries of the settlement of Khayrabadtepa, which is a monument of the Kushan period in the territory of Northern Bactria. The settlement is located 1 km southwest of the city of Angor, 30 km northwest of the city of Termez.

Jem Erika Nique, Emilio Catelli, Zohreh Chahardoli, Rocco Mazzeo
Scientific Examination for the Investigation of the Painting Technique of Contemporary Mural Paintings: The Angry Christ by Alfonso Ossorio in Victorias, Negros Occidental, Philippines

The Last Judgement, known as The Angry Christ, is a 60-square-meter contemporary mural painting by Alfonso Ossorio in Victorias, Negros Occidental, Philippines. The artist was reported to use the penetrative binder Ethyl Silicate 40 (ES40) together with an appropriate palette to withstand the harsh tropical conditions, as recommended by paint chemist Ralph Mayer. A combination of non-destructive and micro-destructive techniques was performed to look into the stratigraphy of the mural painting, clarifying the use of the tempera technique as a restoration intervention, characterizing physical and chemical reactions which resulted in chromatic alterations, and confirming the presence and depth of penetration of the ES40 binder. This study confirmed the presence of micro-cracks and organic compounds such as oxalates and metal carboxylates, and the use of the ES40 binder and several recommended palettes. This study can provide further information on the materials characterization and benefit future conservation-restoration interventions to this mural painting.

Ivan Ferrari, Francesco Giuri, Maurizio Lazzari, Lara De Giorgi, Giovanni Leucci
Geophysical investigation at the archaeological site of Venosa (PZ)

The Roman amphitheater of Venosa (Potenza, southern Italy) is one of the experimental sites chosen as part of the IDEHA project (Innovation for Data Processing in Heritage Areas) in the Basilicata region, of which the CNR ISPC was scientific coordinator. This contribution presents the new results of the research more closely linked to the technical and constructive aspects of the monument, achieved starting from the instrumental survey performed with integrated techniques of laser scanning and digital photogrammetry. The metric data collected was integrated with those no longer visible that emerged during the archaeological excavation campaigns, which took place in 1841, 1925 and then in the 1980s and from a careful reconnaissance of the collapsed architectural elements present in situ. Despite the poor conditions of the wall structures, subject to centuries of abandonment and spoliations, it was possible to develop a reconstructive proposal for the amphitheater, with the creation of a three-dimensional model in which they critically merged all the collected data.

Salvatore Piro, Laura Cerri, Oscar Mei, Maria Raffaella Ciuccarelli
High resolution GPR survey to investigate the urban centres: the case of XX Settembre square of Fano (Fano, Italy)

This paper shows the preliminary results of a new archaeogeophysics investigations in Piazza XX Settembre in Fano carried out thanks to a collaboration between the Vitruvian Studies Center, the Superintendence of Archeology, Fine Arts and Landscape for the Provinces of Ancona and Pesaro and Urbino, the Institute of Heritage Sciences of the CNR of Rome and the Municipality of Fano. The new research includes a high-resolution georadar survey and a bibliographic and archival research, still in progress, concerning the square and its surrounding. The main purpose of this new study is to understand the evolution of this city s sector from the Roman period to the Medieval age, and intends also to investigate the historical and archaeological knowledge of this area located in the city s center of Fano.

Nicodemo Abate, Italo Maria Muntoni, Maria Sileo, Luigi Capozzoli, Gregory de Martino, Rosa Lasaponara, Nicola Masini
Integrated use of aerial and ground-based close-range remote sensing techniques to support preventive archaeology: the case study of Ascoli Satriano (FG)

The present work aims to show the multi-sensor close-range remote sensing (RS) activities carried out in the municipality of Ascoli Satriano (FG Apulia). The site is of great significance as it has been continuously occupied from the 8th century B.C. to the present day. The site is famous for the discovery of marble griffins dated to the 4th century B.C., probably inside a princely tomb. The study was conducted using a multispectral UAS and a ground magnetometer. The results of the RS analysis showed a complex scenario, with features of buried remains related to roads, paleo-channel, and, above all, circular structures of considerable size. The latter, as confirmed by the targeted excavations conducted following the RS acquisitions, are referable to monumental tumuli. The integration of several sensors has made it possible to overcome the limits of single instrument observation and to provide useful data for practical preventive archaeological work.

Ilaria Miccoli, Immacolata Ditaranto, Pasquale Merola, Giuseppe Scardozzi
Multitemporal analysis of remote sensing data for the study of the ancient city of Venusia (Venosa, Basilicata)

This paper presents the results obtained from investigation methodologies related to analysis, processing and interpretation of historical and recent remote sensing data for the study of the ancient city of Venusia (today s Venosa, in Basilicata), and in particular of the amphitheatre area. The monumental building was built in the 1st century AD in a sector of the city previously occupied by a residential area, and its remains, partially brought to light starting from the 1930s, are today visible in the northern sector of the terraced plateau where the Latin colony was founded. This sector of the city today falls within an agricultural area and, therefore, it is suitable for aero-topographic studies. The multitemporal data set, mostly aerial photos, allowed for the documentation of the transformation of this site from the 1940s until today and the acquisition of important information about the layout of the monument and its surrounding area.

Francesca Di Palma, Roberto Gabrielli, Ilaria Miccoli, Giuseppe Scardozzi
The study of Limes Arabicus using aerial and satellite remote sensing documentation. The case of Umm ar-Rasas (Amman, Jordan)

Limes Arabicus is an excellent laboratory for experimenting with the enormous potential of historical and modern remote sensing data for the identification and recording of fortified centres located along this sector of the Roman Empire s eastern frontier, which then also became the Byzantine Empire s eastern borderline. Remote sensing, in conjunction with modern survey techniques and tools such as photogrammetry and laser scanner surveys, enables the identification, documentation, and study of ancient settlements in this area, as well as the development of site valorisation programmes such as the design of real and virtual routes for better use of archaeological areas. In this paper, a preliminary contribution focused on aerial and satellite remote sensing documentation concerning the site of Umm ar-Rasas (Amman, Jordan), a fortified settlement along the Via Traiana Nova, is presented.

Lara De Giorgi, Ivan Ferrari, Francesco Giuri, Chiara Torre, Dora Francesca Barbolla, Giovanni Leucci
Geophysical investigation at the Cathedral of Nardò (Lecce, Italy)

The Cathedral Basilica of Maria Santissima Assunta is the Cathedral Church of Nardò, in the province of Lecce. Located in the historical center of Salento city, it has been a national monument since 1879, and in 1980, during the episcopate of Antonio Rosario Mennonna, it was elevated to a minor Basilica. In order to have pieces of information related to the ancient structure of the Cathedral geophysical surveys were undertaken inside it. In this paper, the interesting results will be presented.

Maisa Almeida, Marcela Sousa, Gustavo Vanini
Significant data and information in complex analysis of the architectural heritage, the Republican Museum of Itu, Brazil

Innovative digital tools make it possible to investigate and understand elements of architectural heritage based on considerations extracted from historical and physical analyses, and to use a large quantity of information acquired with technologically advanced tools (e.g, photogrammetry and image-based modeling systems ). These tools allow us to investigate the form, reconstruct the process of designing, and study formal, proportional, and spatial features of archeological elements. The interrelation between theory, methods and application opens the possibility to achieve complete results as far as archaeological documentation, analysis and interpretation. On one hand, these high precision digital tools realistically show surface qualities; on the other hand, in the process of production of these models, it s possible to extend the knowledge of archaeological artefacts through the investigation of the material and its articulation with other components of the building, it offers a complex process of interpretation of historical aesthetical aspects, materials and surfaces.

Roberto Villalobos
A new Matrix for the Architectural Stratigraphic Diagram

The stratigraphic diagram is a non-irruptive observing method with its basis in archaeology that consists of a field-representation layout that describes the relationships and sequences of the stratigraphic layers of an excavation by identifying and listing all the elements that make them up. Despite being a first- order approximation tool and its current application to the stratigraphic reading of standing structures, the proposal intends to modify its current rigid scheme to display all the supporting evidence gathered during the heritage analysis, particularly for the development of a restoration project. The objective is to generate an entirely novel, comprehensive, and gap-free matrix by complementing the data obtained during the documentation phase with the pathologies and the various methods of maintenance for each object studied.

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