V. Gradetsky, M. Knyazkov
Unmanned vehicle systems in unstructured environments: challenge and current status
The scientific and applied interest to Unmanned vehicle systems (UVS) or Unmanned guided vehicles (UGV) is growing every year and a lot of world-known universities and companies are working very hard in R&D of UVS. The fully autonomous vehicles or ones with different degrees of autonomy vehicles are used on the land, in the air, and in the sea for broad range of technologies including hazardous waste cleanup, agriculture crops processing, transportation, underwater monitoring, nuclear power station repair, as well as security, inspection, demining, military operations.The new uses for these systems may be found every day. Real UVS has to understand control commands fast and without mistakes. They have to possess logically thinking, have possibilities of learning and training, produce decision making by themselves, to move in unknown environment without operator. However, today in practice the situation may arise when operator forced to intervene in teleoperated control because of unsufficient reliability of robot behaviour. High level of artificial intelligence and mind as well as data base and special software are required for real UVS.