R. M. H. Borges, I. M. G. Lemos, A. M. S. Antunes, L. A. d’Avila
UNCERTAINTIES SOURCES EVALUATION ASSOCIATED TO SULFUR AND FLASH POINT IN DIESEL FUEL
The international trade, the environmental protection and the science, today, cannot be able to exist without reliable measurements. Nowadays, any results of measurement of a physical or chemical quantity should be accompanied for any quantitative indication of the quality of this data, in order to be able to evaluate its reliability. Thus, an easy concept known and with wide acceptance that could characterize the quality of the result of a measurement is expressed by its uncertainty. In this work, we will present the application of the ISO GUM 95 for estimating uncertainty in the following tests: sulfur and flash point in diesel fuel. This research includes the development of a software based on Delphi version 6.0 to calculate the possible sources of uncertainty associated to the measurement used in both process and an estimation of their value, either by statistical methods (Type A) or by other means (Type B). Later on the individual components are combined to calculate the standard and expanded uncertainty for the whole process. The program developed aimed reducing the time spent in figuring out the main sources of uncertainty, moreover, facilitating the obtainment of the uncertainty result. To visualize the most relevant factor in the uncertainty measurement, the program provides a graphic showing the uncertainty contributions and enables the calculation of final uncertainty combined by the relative method, based on Eurachem/CITAC Guide, allowing the graphic comparison among the different methods in calculating uncertainty in measurement.