Uncertainty Evaluation of Fluid Density at High Air Speed Standard in NMIJ

A. Iwai, T. Funaki
The National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) maintains high air speed standard and its calibration facility is capable of a relative expanded uncertainty (k = 2) of 0.63 % in the air speed range 40 m/s to 90 m/s. The model equation for measurement uncertainty in the high air speed calibration wind tunnel, which is the working standard, employs a method that cancels out the density term of the fluid. This is due to the fact that the density on the wind tunnel and DUT side is considered to be the same, i.e., the air speed values on the wind tunnel and DUT side are based on the same Bernoulli's principle. Therefore, the calibration environment of this standard is registered in the KCDB (CIPM MRA database) as ambient, which is independent of temperature and pressure changes throughout the year. However, there is a need to develop a calibration method for anemometers which are not based on Bernoulli's principle, as calibration targets. In this presentation, the reproducibility of air speed values in the wind tunnel is experimentally discussed, especially in the calibration environment, as the density of air changes throughout the year. In addition, the relative uncertainty of the density due to the difference of air density derivation formulas will be compared. Finally, the measurement uncertainty with the corrective coefficient of the anemometer under calibration due to the density change of air will be discussed.
Air speed; Fluid density; Uncertainty; Wind tunnel
Event details
Event name:

19th International Flow Measurement Conference 2022

Chongqing, CHINA
01 November 2022 - 04 November 2022